God Almighty

1) When you say there is no god but God, what does it mean? It’s a bit confusing.  

La ilaha illallah Muhammadur rasoolullah.

The first part ‘La ilaha illallah’ is often translated as, “there is no god but God”. This can be confusing. ‘La ilaha’, there is no god (god with a small ‘g’ refers to false gods such as people used to worship the idols, sun, moon, trees, rivers and seas etc)  except God (God with a capital ‘G’)  refers to The True God Almighty.

In Arabic when we refer to false gods or any god that is ‘ilah’ but when we refer to God Almighty, we add to it the definite particles ‘alif laam’, this makes it. ‘Al- ilah’. So now that becomes The God Almighty. The True Creator, ALLAH.

An appropriate translation for Kalimah Tayyibah would be; “There is none worthy of worship except Allah and Muhammad (pbuh) is the messenger of Allah”.

The Creator has different names in different languages, for example Moses (pbuh) spoke Hebrew, he called the Creator Eloha in Hebrew. Jesus (pbuh) spoke Aramaic, he called The Creator Alaha in Aramaic. Muhammad (pbuh) spoke Arabic, he called The Creator Allah in Arabic. In English, we call The Creator God, in French He is called Dieu, in Persian He is called Khuda. So the Creator is known by different names in different languages.

The order, balance and equilibrium in the universe points to one Creator. If there were more than one god, then there would be disorder and confusion. For instance, if there were more than one god, one would say that the earth should spin clockwise; the other would say ‘no, it should be anti-clockwise’. Or, on the size of the earth, one would say ‘it should be the size of what it is’, the other one might say ‘no, it should be double of what it is’, and so on. So it wouldn’t work.

Also, do you know of a country where there is more than one king? Do you know of a country with two Presidents? Do you know any school with more than one head teacher? You see, it would not work, (The Quran 21:22)

Of course, all the prophets of God previously preached in the existence and belief in only one God. We read this in the Old Testament, the Torah, the Gospel and Prophet Moses (pbuh) and Prophet Jesus (pbuh), all preached the existence of one God only. (Deut 6:4 and Mark 12:29)

In Arabic there are two, third person singular pronouns ‘heya and huwa’ she and he. In English there are three’ it, she and he’. ‘It’ is generally used for lifeless objects, so we can not use that for the Creator. ‘She’ is expected to give birth but God Almighty does not give birth, therefore we are only left with ‘He’. The fact is that God Almighty is the Spiritual Being, He is neither a he nor a she, however due to limitations of the human tongue we refer to Him in third person singular pronoun as ‘He’.

The Holy Quran tells us ‘Qul hu-wallahu-Ahad’ He is Allah The One. Then why is Allah saying ‘We’ for Himself? For instance we read in the Quran - 15:9 “We sent down the Quran and We will preserve it, safeguard it and protect it”.

‘We’ is the language of Royalty. When Royal decrees and ordinances are pronounced ‘We’ is used. Therefore in the Quran, in this context God Almighty uses ‘We’ as first person plural for Himself.

In the Holy Quran, in a personal relationship with God Almighty ‘I’ is used. When it’s a remote relationship, ‘He’ is used and when Allah SWT speaks for Himself, then ‘We’ is used.

Please refer to booklet “The Existence of the Creator” by Shamshad M. Khan available free from IPCI, 434, Coventry Road, Birmingham B10 0UG. It can also be downloaded on the internet: www.ipci-iv.co.uk

Everything that is created has a creator. When we refer to God Almighty, we are referring to the uncreated Creator. Therefore He is uncreated God Almighty.

God Almighty is the Originator of the primal origin. The Cause of all the causes.

(Please refer to booklet, “Existence of the Creator” available free from IPCI, it can also be downloaded on the internet www.ipci-iv.co.uk)

We read in the Bible - John 4:24 that God Almighty is The Spiritual Being.

According to Islamic teachings also He is The Spiritual Being, The Infinite Being, and cannot be seen by finite human eyes. As we read in the Quran, when Prophet Moses expressed his wish to see God Almighty, he was told “you cannot see Me”. (Quran 7:143)

If you cannot see God Almighty then surely you cannot draw a picture of His Being.

God Almighty has created us, He is our maker and He has also given us guidelines to follow in order to be successful in this life and in the hereafter.

A manufacturer of a computer gives you a manual, so that you follow that manual and operate the computer according to the guidelines given, in order to get optimum performance from it. For example, connect it to a stabilised voltage supply, turn the power button on and press the buttons in pre-determined configuration as guided and described in the manufacturers manual, then you’ll find that the computer will give you good service, it will be reliable, durable and you’ll be pleased and satisfied with it. So similarly our Maker has also given us guidelines to follow.

The final guidelines came in the form of the Quran which is the manual for human guidance and if you follow these guidelines you will then have a successful life in this world and in the hereafter.

God Almighty, is our Creator and He wishes that we remember Him and submit before Him, at least five times a day and acknowledge the blessings that we receive from Him, for example the air that we breathe, the water we drink, the food that we eat, the system that He has designed and organised for us. He has made everything conducive to support life, we must therefore acknowledge that fact and thank Him for it continuously.

In order to maintain our physical wellbeing we need to eat food, drink water etc. Similarly in order to maintain our spiritual wellbeing we should submit to our Creator and pray to Him.

God Almighty says in the Quran “I have created the jinn and mankind only that they may worship Me.”(51:56), when we pray to God Almighty it keeps us away from evil deeds (Quran 29:45). Also we must remember that this life is a test that God Almighty has designed for us. When He created paradise, He decided that only the deserving will enter it. We are therefore, all going through the test and if we pass the test, God willing, we shall enter paradise.

According to the teachings of Islam, everyone has direct contact with God Almighty. Indeed when we pray to Him, we pray to Him directly without any mediator or mediation. When we pray to Him we follow the examples of the Holy Prophet Muhammed (pbuh). When he experienced the Ascension and presented himself before the presence of God Almighty, he prayed to Him directly, so following his example we also pray to Him in the same way.

Due to this reason, Prayer or Salah is called the ‘Ascension of a believer’.

Today it’s highly unlikely that people wherever they may be haven’t heard of God, We are told in the Holy Quran (7:172) that when God Almighty created Adam (pbuh) He also created all the human beings spiritually at the same time. They were at the time, asked; “who is your Lord?”  They all answered; “you are our Lord, we testify”. The acknowledgement of The Creator is therefore present in our unconscious mind. However, there may be a remote island where the message has not reached; we’re also told in the Holy Quran (91:7-8), where God Almighty says; “By the soul that We perfected and in it We planted the Criterion”. Therefore the criterion of good and bad is built in. When you do something bad, something within you, called conscience, tells you that it is bad and that you shouldn’t have done that. For instance, if somebody tells a lie, something within them tells them that it is wrong and that they shouldn’t have done that; or if somebody steals, something within them tells them that it’s wrong and that they shouldn’t have done that. Those people that haven’t heard of God, they will be judged according to God given conscience within, which tells them, as to what is right and what is wrong.

It would be impossible to justly reward or punish anyone in this life.


If a person saves the life of six people after greatly risking his own, how would you reward him? Would a bravery medal be a just reward?

If Hitler who killed six million people was to be punished, how can you apply just punishment? Would one death penalty be a just punishment?

Therefore Allah (SWT) will apply just reward and just punishment in the hereafter.

The fact is that God Almighty has power over all things but He only does Godly things.

If He was to create another God like Himself, for example, that new God would be a created god. But God Almighty, the true Creator, is uncreated. Therefore, He cannot create another God like Himself.

God Almighty is Just, He has to act as a Just Judge and therefore He has to be fair and apply justice to all.

God Almighty cannot throw you out of His kingdom because where will He throw you when everywhere is His domain? He can obliterate you but He cannot throw you out of His kingdom.

Also as ‘the Truth’ and ‘the Holy’ are His attributes, He cannot therefore do anything based on lie or evil.

The Holy Quran tells us that Allah (SWT) is on ‘arsh’ and ‘arsh’ really means ‘throne’. ‘Throne’ is the seat of Authority but not a physical one. Allah (SWT) occupies the seat of authority, not physically because God Almighty is The Spiritual Being, (John 4:24).

‘No vision can grasp Him but His grasp is over all visions’ (Quran 6:103).

Holy Quran (50:16) states, He is closer to us than our jugular vein and that He knows our most secret thoughts. God Almighty does not need to go anywhere because He comprehends, everything through His knowledge (Quran 7:89), therefore He does not need to come down to Earth.

A question was put to the Holy Prophet (pbuh),”Why did God Almighty create everything?” The Holy Prophet (pbuh) answered “Allah (SWT) was a hidden treasure and He wished to be recognised (Hadith Qudsi – Tafseer Ibn Kabeer) , therefore He created the angels, He created the Universes, He created the human beings and the animals, etc. All the creatures that He created including the mountains and the planets and the stars etc. glorify Him. However, we do not know and cannot comprehend the tasbih or in the manner that they express their glorification of Allah (SWT). (The Quran 17:44)


We human beings have two types of needs, physical needs and spiritual needs. In order to satisfy our physical needs we eat, drink and breathe air. Similarly, in order to satisfy our spiritual needs, we pray to Allah (SWT), it’s also an act of expressing our gratitude, servitude and remembrance to Him. It benefits us spiritually, also it links us with Allah (SWT), the more we pray with devotion and humility, the closer the bond becomes. (The Quran 20:14)

Allah (SWT) is our Creator, He is our Maker, manufacturer. He has given us a book of guidance or a manual, the Holy Quran, the last and final revelation. He Himself has undertaken the responsibility to preserve the message of the Holy Quran, (The Quran 15:9)


He also sent Messengers and Prophets, the last and final one being the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) who exemplified the Quran, was known to be a walking, talking Quran and who is the only Prophet whose life can be viewed in the full light of history.


In addition to that, God Almighty says that “by the souls We have perfected and in it We have planted the criterion,” (The Quran – 91:7-8).

So the criterion is built-in. That is to say we know what is right and what is wrong because it is built in, in us. If somebody tells a lie or steals, something within them (conscience) tells them it is wrong and they shouldn’t have done that.


So, we have the manual of guidance, we have a model who exemplified it and we also have a built-in criterion which tells us what is right and what is wrong. Moreover, Allah (SWT) has given us free will to decide. We are free to choose to do good deeds or bad deeds. And Allah (SWT) does not in any way allow His knowledge to influence the decisions we make. Allah (SWT) is the Infinite Being, for Him past, present and future are the same, therefore He knows what we shall do. The knowledge He has as to what we are going to do is often called pre-destination.

Because Allah (SWT) does not allow His knowledge to influence our decision in any way and because He has given us free will to choose and because we decide, therefore we are responsible for the decisions that we make. Therefore we are accountable hence the test. That is what accountability is all about.

The point is that if a lecturer comes to a student and says ‘look, you shouldn’t take the exam/test this year because you will fail.’ The student is surely going to reply and say, ‘good sir, please be fair; how can you say that I shall fail when I haven’t taken the test yet? Let me take the test and if I fail then I will accept that I have failed.’

In order to be fair, we are required to go through the test and prove ourselves. Then the accountability we shall face will be justified because we shall have gone through the test. We will be shown exactly what we did as everything is recorded. The judgement will be based on that, and God Almighty assures us that there will be absolutely no injustice. (The Quran – 3:25, 4:77, 4:124, 17:71, 40:17, 46:19)

The Creator is known by different names in different languages.

Prophet Moses in Hebrew called Him Eloha, Prophet Jesus in Aramaic called Him Alaha, Prophet Muhammad in Arabic called Him Allah (May peace be upon them all).

In English He is called God, in French He is called Dieu, in Persian He is called Khuda.

Also Allah, the Most Exalted, has many names that depict or describe His qualities and attributes. God Almighty is the Spiritual Being, the Infinite Being and the Eternal Being, we mortal/finite beings cannot comprehend Him or recognise Him fully. These attributive names give us some idea about the character of God Almighty.

For example, amongst His attributive names are: ‘Ar-Rahman’ (The Most Kind) and ‘Ar-Raheem’ (The Most Merciful). We read in the Holy Quran that Allah has decreed upon Himself the rule of Mercy (6:12, 6:54). We know then that primarily He is the Most Kind, the Most Merciful.

The Holy Quran also informs us that God Almighty gives at least tenfold and even up to seven hundred times and more reward for good deeds that we do, (The Quran 6:160, 2: 261). He is therefore Most Magnanimous.

God Almighty is our Creator, Maker, Manufacturer.

If you buy a computer, the Maker provides you with a Manual explaining the rules of dos and do nots that we must follow if we want the best out of the computer and to ensure that it works properly, is reliable and durable.

Similarly, our Maker has also given us Manuals. The last and final Manual is the Quran, sent to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), who demonstrated as to how the injunctions of the Holy Quran should be implemented.

In addition to the above, God Almighty tells us in the Quran (91:7-8), ‘By the soul that We have perfected and in it We have planted the Criterion (of right and wrong). Therefore morality is built in.

When one tells a lie, for example, something within one (call it conscience) tells one that it is wrong, and it should not have been done.

So in this manner God Almighty does speak to us.

According to the Bible, “God Almighty ended his work…and he rested on the seventh day…”, (Gen 2:2)

However, according to the Quran God Almighty says; ‘We created the heavens and the earth and everything between in six days (phases) without tiring.’ (Quran 50:38)

Also; ‘…No slumber can seize Him nor sleep…’, (The Quran 2:255)

God Almighty is the Spiritual Being, the Infinite Being, we finite mortals cannot see Him with our physical eyes with limitations.

When Moses (pbuh) expressed his desire to see God, he was told; “…By no means can you see Me, but look upon the mount, if it abide in its place then shall you see Me. When the Lord manifested His glory on the mountain, it turned into dust. And Moses fell down unconscious..." (The Quran 7:143)


Also; “No vision can grasp Him, but His grasp is over all vision: He is above all comprehension, yet is acquainted with all things.” (The Quran 6:103) 

God Almighty is the Spiritual Being. He is not physical and cannot therefore be a part of anything physical. Everything around us is manifestation of His creative Powers.

‘He is the Creator, the Inventor, the Fashioner, to Him belong the best names. Whatever is in the heavens and earth is glorifying Him. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.’(The Quran 59:24)

Allah the Most Exalted has numerous names; ninety nine are commonly recited for tasbih (rosary) for the purpose of His remembrance.

It is generally understood that ‘Ism Azam’ is ‘Allah’, when uttered with utmost humility and from depth of the heart, Allah the Most Glorified answers such supplications.


Questions about the Prophets generally

Either in our youth or later in life we all ask ourselves two questions:

1.    What am I to be?

2.    What am I to become?

Throughout the ages, philosophers, from Aristotle to Kant, have also tried to answer these questions.

In attempting to answer the first question: “What am I to be?”, one could say that since I live in this world I must be what is in accordance with the nature of this world… .

And in attempting to answer the second question: “What am I to become?”, one could say that I must become what is in accordance with the nature of myself.

But then what is the nature of this world and what is the nature of myself ?

Each answer gives rise to many other questions, chains of questions.

The German philosopher Kant, therefore, concluded that these questions can not be answered philosophically or through reason.

However, the questions above have been answered through revelations by Prophets and Messengers of God Almighty.

These revealed messages tell us what we were before we were born, what the purpose of life is and what will happen to us after we die.

According to the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) God Almighty sent 124,000 Prophets at different times and different places, (Hadeeth – Musnad Ahmed).

According to the Holy Quran, Prophets were sent to every community, (Quran 13:7).

Prophet Nuh (Noah), Prophet Ibraheem (Abraham), Prophet Musa (Moses), Prophet Eisa (Jesus) and Prophet Muhammad , may the Mercy, Peace and Blessings of Allah SWT be upon them all.

According to the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), God Almighty sent 315 Messengers to different people and different locations at different times, (Musnad Ahmed).

Prophets and Messengers are sent by God Almighty to teach and guide human kind.

However, the Messengers warn their respective communities that unless they pay heed and listen to them, the punishment from God Almighty is inevitable.

This is because the people disbelieved and denied that there is any life after death and that they will be held responsible for the actions, and will be punished or rewarded in the hereafter.

Prophet Nuh (Noah), peace be upon him, preached for centuries but his people refused to believe. Therefore, God Almighty commanded the Prophet Nuh (pbuh) to build an ark, (Quran 11:37). He then sent the floods where the whole community was drowned, except the believers and Prophet Nuh (pbuh) who were safe aboard the ark, (Quran 7:64, 11:41).

Prophet Ibraheem (Abraham) (pbuh) also preached but his community stubbornly rejected his call and was destroyed.

Similar fate followed the communities of all other Messengers; Prophet Lut (Lot), Prophet Hud, Prophet Saleh, Prophet Moses, Prophet Jesus and Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon them all.

All Prophets and Messengers receive Inspiration / Revelation.

However, it is generally understood that only the Messengers of God Almighty are given scripture.

As we read in the Holy Quran about scriptures given to Prophet Ibraheem and Musa, peace be upon them, (Quran 87:19), Gospel given to Jesus, peace be upon him, (Quran 3:84, 57.27). And finally the Quran given to the last and final Prophet and Messenger Muhammad, peace be upon him, (Quran 2:97, 2:185, 6:19, 6:114…).

The Prophets and Messengers performed miracles with the permission of God Almighty. They were given miracles as evidence that they are specially chosen teachers sent to their respective communities.

Prophet Moses (pbuh) was sent to Pharaoh and his community, who was a ruthless and tyrant king. As Moses (pbuh) dreaded that Pharaoh may kill him. So God Almighty gave him initially two miracles; firstly his staff turning into snake and secondly his hand becoming white and shining when drawn to the side, (Quran 20: 17-36).

Miracles were given in accordance with what was needed at the time.

In the era of Moses (pbuh), magic was common so he was given appropriate miracles to draw the attention of the people at large.

In the times of Jesus (pbuh) medicine was practiced to cure ailments, so Jesus (pbuh) was given miracles to cure the born blind, the leapers and the sick. He was given the permission to raise the dead with God’s permission. He could make a bird of clay, blow on it and it would be livened to fly with God’s permission… (Quran 5:110, Mat 8:3, Mat 9:30, John 12:1…).

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) also performed numerous miracles as we read in various ahadeeth, e.g. producing water from dry wells, little food was blessed by him was enough to feed the multitude, splitting of the moon into two parts (Quran 54:1, Hadeeth – Bukhari), etc. etc…

However, the miracle that he himself claimed is the Quran. He said that the wonders of the Quran will never seize, it will unfold new meaning for every new age. (Bukhari, Musnad Ahmed, Tirmizi)

In the age of science, scientists are amazed at the statements made in the Quran relating to modern science. What science is discovering today was mentioned in the Quran fourteen hundred years ago.

Dr Maurice Bucaille, a French medical surgeon and scientist, was so amazed at the statements made in the Quran relating to modern science that he learned classical Arabic and studied the Quran in Arabic paying particular attention to the verses relating to modern science. He did pioneering work in this field. His documentary entitled “Al-Quran – The Book of Signs” can be viewed on YouTube. He wrote two books; ‘The Bible, the Quran and Science’ and ‘What is the Origin of Man?’ He also delivered talks on the subject, available in the form of booklet, ‘The Quran and Modern Science’. For further information please contact IPCI.

There are many other Scientists of our time who were equally amazed at this phenomenon of the Quran and made remarkable statements.

The first man and the first Prophet, the Prophet Adam (pbuh) is the first Prophet of Islam.

The Holy Quran tells us that all the Prophets and Messengers in essence preached the same religion, that is the religion of Islam, (Quran 42:13, 23:36).

The Holy Quran states that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is the seal of the Prophets, (Quran 33:40).

The Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said; there is to be no new Prophet or Messenger after me, (Bukhari, Muslim).

Muslims believe that there is to be no NEW PROPHET, after the advent of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).

However, Muslims do believe in the second coming of Jesus (pbuh), because he will not claim to be a new Prophet, rather it will be his second coming.

When he came the first time, he preached the Law given to Moses (pbuh), the TORAH.

Jesus (pbuh) said that he did not come to abolish the (Mosaic) Law but to fulfil it (Mat 5:17).

In his second coming he will repeat what he had said in his first coming, but will on this occasion fulfil the Quranic Law.

Muslims believe that there is to be no NEW PROPHET, after the advent of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).

However, Muslims do believe in the second coming of Jesus (pbuh), because he will not claim to be a new Prophet, rather it will be his second coming.

When he came the first time, he preached the Law given to Moses (pbuh), the TORAH.

Jesus (pbuh) said that he did not come to abolish the (Mosaic) Law but to fulfil it (Mat 5:17).

In his second coming he will repeat what he had said in his first coming, but will on this occasion fulfil the Quranic Law.


i)    Adam was son of God                                                 (Luk 3:38)

ii)  Jacob was the first born                                              (Exodus: 4:22)

iii) Ephraim the first born                                                (Jeremiah 31:9)

iv) David art my son, today have I begotten thee        (Psalms 2:7)

v)  Isaac was begotten son                                             (Heb 11:17)

vi) Sons of God saw the daughters of men that

they were fair and they took them wives of all

which they choose.                                                      (Gen 6:2)

vii)   As many as are led by the spirit of God are the sons of God   (ROM 8:14)

The list goes on….                                                                      

b)   God Almighty is the spiritual being (John 4:24), then how can He have a son physically? Metaphorically of course, He is our Creator, Sustainer and in that sense we are all children of God.

c)    (i) When Centurion saw Jesus ( or who ever he was) crucified he said that he was son of God.  (Mark 15:39)

(ii) When Centurion saw Jesus ( or whoever he was) being crucified; he said 

that he was a righteous man, (Luk 23:47). This confirms that in Biblical tongue term ‘son of God’ equates ‘righteous person’ or ‘Godly person’

d)   John Hick was the Head of Department of Theology at Birmingham University. He compiled a book entitled; “The myth of God Incarnate”. It consists of ten essays contributed by Professors of various Universities e.g. Oxford, Cambridge, Wolverhampton etc. confirming that Jesus never claimed to be ‘son of God’ physically. Rather  he was ‘a man approved of God’ (Mat 2:22)

Jesus has been mentioned as ‘son of man’ several times in the Bible as well as ‘a Prophet’ numerous times in the Bible.

e)   The term “Begotten” in (John 1:18) and (John 3:16) have been removed in the RSV Bible. RSV Bible was compiled by 32 highly eminent scholars of the Bible and is backed up by 50 denominations of Christianity.

The compilers mention in the preface that KJV goes back to the ancient manuscripts and has in it grave errors. However, RSV goes as far back as the most ancient manuscripts and they discovered that the term ‘begotten’ introduced in KJV is interpolation.

f)     In (Numbers 23:19) we read; ‘God is not a man that He should sin and not son of man that he should repent.

g)   The person on the cross cried with a loud voice “… Eli, Eli lama sabachthani?” That is to say; “My God, My God, Why have you forsaken me?” (Mark 15:34 , Mat 27:46)

If Jesus was son of God, surely he would have known that that was the purpose of his life, his destiny and would not have yelled as such.

According to Gospel of St Barnabas, it was Judas Iscariot, the Traitor who was crucified…

The point is that none of the disciples knew the real facts because according to the Bible they all forsook him and fled, (Mark 14:50).

h)   Of course the confusion began when Christianity reached Rome, as the Romans followed Greek mythology, where the sun was worshipped, the planets were worshipped, the stars were worshipped etc. etc.

For example: Jupiter comes down to earth in the form of a man, cohabitates with a woman and a son is born, and is called son of god.

i)      We must remember that the Roman Emperor in the times of Jesus was Augustus, known as the son of god. His father was Julius Caesar who was known as god. Temples were built in his name where he was worshipped.

Furthermore, the Kings were known as gods, the queens as goddesses and the royal children as godlings. In that environment they took ‘son of god’ mentioned in the Bible literally, giving rise to the confusion; “Jesus being the son of God literally”, and the confusion continues…


They say: "(Allah) hath begotten a son": Glory be to Him. Nay, to Him belongs all that is in the heavens and on earth: everything renders worship to Him. (Holy Quran 2:116)      

Behold! the angels said: "O Mary! Allah giveth thee glad tidings of a Word from Him: his name will be Christ Jesus, the son of Mary, held in honour in this world and the Hereafter and of (the company of) those nearest to Allah.” (Holy Quran 3:45)

O People of the Book! Commit no excesses in your religion: Nor say of Allah aught but the truth. Christ Jesus the son of Mary was (no more than) an apostle of Allah, and His Word, which He bestowed on Mary, and a spirit proceeding from Him: so believe in Allah and His apostles. Say not "Trinity": desist: it will be better for you: for Allah is one Allah. Glory be to Him: (far exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belong all things in the heavens and on earth. And enough is Allah as a Disposer of affairs. (Holy Quran 4:171)

To Him is due the primal origin of the heavens and the earth: How can He have a son when He hath no consort? He created all things, and He hath full knowledge of all things.

(Holy Quran 6:101)

They say: "(Allah) hath begotten a son!" - Glory be to Him! He is self-sufficient! His are all things in the heavens and on earth! No warrant have ye for this! Say ye about Allah what ye know not? (Holy Quran 10:68)

Further, that He may warn those (also) who say, "(Allah) hath begotten a son".

(Holy Quran 18:4)

It is not befitting to (the majesty of) Allah that He should beget a son. Glory be to Him! When He determines a matter, He only says to it, "Be", and it is. (Holy Quran 19:35)

For it is not consonant with the majesty of ((Allah)) Most Gracious that He should beget a son. (Holy Quran 19:92)

He to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth: no son has He begotten, nor has He a partner in His dominion: it is He who created all things, and ordered them in due proportions. (Holy Quran 25:2)

Had Allah wished to take to Himself a son, He could have chosen whom He pleased out of those whom He doth create: but Glory be to Him! (He is above such things.) He is Allah, the One, the Irresistible. (Holy Quran 39:4)

And Exalted is the Majesty of our Lord: He has taken neither a wife nor a son. (Holy Quran 72:3)     

A booklet entitled “Sonship of Jesus” is available free from IPCI and can also be downloaded; www.ipci-iv.co.uk

According to the teachings of Islam, Prophet Noah (pbuh) was sent to a community. He preached for hundreds of years but they were very stubborn. They refused to believe.

In the end the punishment came in the form of flood. The few followers of Prophet Noah (pbuh) were saved because they were in the ark.

Prophet Noah (pbuh) was commanded to build the ark in advance in preparation for the flood.

According to the teachings of Islam the flood was localised, not global.

He was at the time, commanded to take with him in the ark, a pair of each animal in use, not a pair of each creature on earth.

So that when the ark would eventually rest on Mount Judi, in the region of Ararat (todays south eastern Turkey) a new life would begin and animals in use; cows, sheep, goat would be needed, (The Quran 7:59-64, 11:25-44, 11:41, 25:37, 51:46…)

According to the teachings of the Bible, the Prophets did commit sins, grave sins.

For example:

Prophet David committed adultery, (2 Samuel 11:4),

Prophet Solomon committed idolatry, (1 Kings 11:10).

However, according to the teachings of Islam, Prophets and Messengers of God Almighty are specially protected and cannot commit sins.

The criterion is that, as teachers, they must practise themselves first what they are trying to teach others.

They can however, make an error of judgement, but even that error is for righteous intentions. As they are human beings however and do not have knowledge of the future (except what Allah has given them) they can make errors.

As we read in the case of Prophet Yunus (Jonah) (pbuh) that when God Almighty had informed him that punishment will now come as after many, many years of preaching, his people stubbornly refused to believe.

Upon receiving this revelation he left his community. He was hasty. He failed to wait until the order from God Almighty came for him to emigrate. Later, when he repented he was forgiven by God Almighty.

However, due to his error, his community was saved. For when they saw the punishment coming the king and the people realised that that was what Jonah forewarned them about, they all fell into prostration before God, repented, were forgiven, and punishment averted. Prophet Yunus (Jonah) (pbuh), later returned to his community, as commanded by God Almighty and continued preaching to them, (The Quran 10:48).

In the case of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), once he was talking to a group of Quraishite leaders who had come to see him to know about his deen. As he was engrossed in conversation with them, his wife’s cousin an old blind man, Ibn Ummul-Maktum who was already a Muslim, came to see him and began to ask him questions. The blind man interrupted again and again, while the Prophet (pbuh) was engrossed in conversation with leaders of the Quraish.

At this, the Prophet (pbuh) spoke to him a little harshly, because he thought that the blind man can come to him anytime and learn, whereas these leaders, who had come to learn from him, presented an exceptional opportunity to preach to them. And even if only one of them accepted Islam, it would strengthen the small Muslim community.

His intention was obviously pure and based on serving his mission, the promulgation of his deen.

However, Allah (SWT) was displeased and the Prophet was corrected, because he was sent also as one at highest pinnacle of character, (The Quran 80:1-13, 68:4).

In response to the answer above, sometimes another question follows:

But Prophet Adam committed a sin, although he was a Prophet of God, please explain?

The fact is that Adam (pbuh) was not a Prophet when he made the mistake of eating from the forbidden tree.

The station of Prophethood was bestowed upon him later, when he was commanded to teach his children the religion of Islam.

 i)    According to the Quran his coming will be a sign of the doomsday, (The Quran 43:61).

ii)   Jesus (pbuh) is the only Prophet whose status presents confusion for his followers. Many regard him as “the son of God”; whereas the Quran states categorically that he was a Prophet and Messenger of God Almighty.

In his second coming he will assuredly eradicate this confusion.

We find in the Bible Prophetesses are mentioned, (Exodus 15:20, Judges 4:4, 2 Kings 22:14, Chronicles 34:22…). However, there is no mention of female Messengers.

It must be remembered that to be a Prophet and Messenger of God Almighty is an extremely difficult assignment, as the Messengers of God Almighty suffered much due to opposition, oppression and torture from their respective communities.

Moreover, women are different to men as they have to go through various biological cycles; the menstrual cycle, the ante-natal and post-natal cycles, the pre-menopausal cycle, menopausal cycle, post-menopausal cycle etc., which affect them psychologically, emotionally and physically etc. etc.

And God Almighty says that He does not put any burden on any one more than they can bear, (The Quran 2:286).